Fundamentals & Principles Of 2D Design


Line – The method we treat our lines establish a particular/main mood/emotion.
Shape – Flat, 2D aspect of form, as different to volume
Value/Tone – relation lightness or gloom
Texture – Can be real or indirect
Space – optimistic space is the figure/object you’re drawing; harmful space is the region approximately the figure object you’re portrayal
Color – (we won’t use color in opening Drawing).

Balance – can be regular or uneven.
Symmetrical = separating a work into two equal halves with outwardly identical element on each side.
Asymmetrical = poise based upon a chart sense of symmetry that can be feel further than it can be precise. There are no precise rules for irregular balance excluding that of variety.

Repetition/Rhythm – a repeat visual aspect ; a flowing and regular amount. A subcategory of replication is pattern.

Pattern – any compositionally frequent element or regular replication of a design or solitary shape; pattern drawing sin profitable art may serve up as models for saleable imitation.

Focus/Emphasis/Dominance – the major centre of chart significance within a work to which all other chart elements yield; it holds the viewer’s awareness because of its beautiful and dominant pressure on its environs

Rule of Thirds – a com positional tool that make use of the view that the most attractive composition are those in which the primary aspect is off center. principally, take any frame of position and divide it into thirds insertion the elements of the work on the lines in between.

Visual Center – The chart center of any page is immediately slightly over and to the right of the definite (mathematical) center. This tend to be the ordinary placement of diagram focus, and is also occasionally referred to as museum height.

Golden Rectangle – Another method of arrange a work.

Scale – The generally size of an object
Proportion – The relation size of diverse basics of an artwork. An instance is the overstated scope in caricatures.

Contrast – When one acute is pitted against a further. Bright vs Dark. Heavy vs Light, Rough vs Soft, etc.

Movement – How the artiste leads the viewer’s watch around the page
Depth – overlap forms advise depth; changes in scale can recommend depth; illusionist outlook can suggest depth, moody perspective (see images here) can advise depth


Picture plane – the size and form of your paper/drawing outside.
Closed composition – forms appear well restricted by the limits of the image plane
Open composition – the images appears distinct to the size/shape of the paper, create an feeling of extending beyond the depiction plane
Gestalt – “The sum of the entire is superior than its parts” is the idea after the standard of gestalt. It’s the insight of a composition as a whole. even as each of the entity parts have import on their own, taken mutually, the import may modify. Our sensitivity of the piece is base on our thoughtful of all the bit and piece effective in unison.